what is Perimenopause

The period of transition preceding menopause is called perimenopause. When a woman enters menopause, her periods end. It is characterized by various physical and emotional symptoms as well as variations in the menstrual cycle. These can span two to ten years. At this moment, your body: 

less frequently releases eggs reduces oestrogen and other hormone production Reduces in fertility has more erratic and shorter menstrual cycles

Perimenopause is a natural condition in which your ovaries eventually cease to function. Ovulation may become irregular and then cease. Before your final period, the menstrual cycle lengthens and your flow may become erratic.

What causes perimenopause?

Symptoms are produced by fluctuations in hormone levels in the body. When estrogen levels are high, you may have symptoms similar to PMS. When estrogen levels are low, you may have hot flashes or nocturnal sweats. These hormonal fluctuations may coexist with regular cycles.

It can be difficult to identify if you are experiencing perimenopausal symptoms. Your symptoms, medical history, age, and a physical exam may all aid your doctor in making a diagnosis. You may also be subjected to blood testing to determine your hormone levels.

How is perimenopause diagnosed?

Unless the symptoms are bothersome, perimenopause does not require treatment. Treatment options may include: Hormone therapy involves the use of estrogen or estrogen plus progestins to balance hormone levels. Antidepressants for mood stabilization

How is perimenopause treated?

Consume a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Consume at least 1,000-1,200 mg of calcium every day, either through diet or supplements. Exercise on a regular basis. Keep a record of what causes your hot flashes (for example, alcohol, coffee, or tea).

Your healthcare provider may suggest other lifestyle changes: 

Perimenopause is the period preceding menopause during which your ovaries gradually cease to function. This is a natural occurrence that results in bodily and emotional discomfort. It does not require treatment, but it can assist alleviate symptoms. Hormones, antidepressants, and lifestyle changes are used in treatment.

Key points about perimenopause

9 Nail trends that are set to dominate in 2024